Diagnostic radiology is a dynamic and expanding field that includes a vast array of diagnostic imaging modalities, targeted minimally-invasive interventional procedures, and patient care processes. Diagnostic and interventional radiology technology, procedures, and applications are growing faster than any other single specialty due to the increasing implications and positive effect of patient outcomes. More than ever, the osteopathic radiologist is in an ideal position to couple his/her "hands-on" patient care training with technologically advanced diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, for improved delivery of healthcare.
Diagnostic radiology residencies in osteopathic hospital systems consist of four years of residency after completion of the clinical internship year. Residency involves training in diagnostic imaging to include plain radiography, fluoroscopy, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, CT, MRI, interventional radiology, radiation physics, and radiation biology. Radiology is taught primarily on the basis of organ system disease methodology, including neuroradiology, chest, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, musculoskeletal, breast and pediatric radiology.
Following completion of the osteopathic diagnostic radiology residency, radiologists have the option of completing a fellowship in a number of subspecialties.
Radiation Oncology is an expanding branch of radiology that uses ionizing radiation in the treatment of most cancers and some benign entities. Advances in tumor imaging and localization, utilizing a variety of imaging modalities, have enabled a more precise definition of tumor volumes, and the application of three-dimensional, conformal radiation oncology planning, has enabled the delivery of increasing doses of radiation directly to tumors, with associated reductions in normal tissue morbidity. The past decade of progress in interventional radiology has seen a parallel improvement in implant therapy techniques, with an ability to place miniaturized radiation sources via computer guidance in a variety of deep-seated tumors. The potential role of systemic radiation, with the tagging of radioactive ligands to agents that target tumor cells directly, is emerging as a new and innovative technology.
Radiation oncology residencies in osteopathic hospital systems consist of four years of training after completion of the clinical internship year. Residency involves training in Clinical Radiation Oncology and includes radiation physics, radiation dosimetry, radiation biology and radiation pathology. Residents receive training which includes experience in the use of all accepted external and internal radiation sources and a variety of cancers. Training programs include rotations in hematology/medical oncology, pathology and various surgical oncologic subspecialties.